In stock investing, concentration is a key investment strategy consideration. A high concentration means that the money in a portfolio is concentrated in a few stocks, while a low concentration means that the money is diversified across a wider range of stocks. This article will delve into the question of whether it is better to have a high or low 90% concentration in stocks to help investors better understand the impact of concentration on their portfolios.
Advantages of High Concentration
- Clear core investment targets
Portfolios with high concentration typically select a small number of stocks, which allows investors to focus more on researching and tracking these core underlying stocks. This helps investors gain a deeper understanding of the companies they invest in and improves the precision of their investment decisions.
- Greater Profit Opportunities
A concentrated portfolio has the potential for greater profit opportunities if the investor is able to accurately pick a handful of stocks that are outperforming in the market. Successfully capturing a handful of high-growth stocks may result in a significant increase in returns for the entire portfolio.
- Active management capabilities are utilized
Highly concentrated portfolios usually require more active management. Investors need to closely monitor the business conditions of their holdings, market changes and other factors to adjust their investment strategies in a timely manner. This helps the active management ability to be brought into play and respond quickly to market changes.
Risks of High Concentration
- Increased systemic risk
A highly concentrated portfolio is more susceptible to the impact of a single factor. If the core stocks held are affected by unfavorable factors, the performance of the entire portfolio may be hit harder. Increased systemic risk requires investors to control risk more carefully.
- Concentration of industry risk
A concentrated portfolio is exposed to more concentrated industry risk if the stocks selected are mainly from the same industry. Adverse changes in the industry as a whole may lead to underperformance of the portfolio as a whole.
- Individual stock selection challenges
High concentration requires investors to have a high level of individual stock selection. If an investor makes a mistake in individual stock selection, it may lead to losses for the entire portfolio. It should be emphasized that individual stock selection is difficult and requires in-depth research and expertise.
Advantages of Low Concentration
- Diversification of risk
A portfolio with low concentration diversifies the investor’s risk. Even if one stock performs poorly, the performance of other stocks may make up for the loss, reducing the volatility of the entire portfolio.
- Participation in more industries and sectors
A portfolio with low concentration has the potential to cover a wider range of industries and sectors, allowing the investor to participate in profitable opportunities in different sectors. This helps to hedge risks and guard against losses due to unfavorable changes in a particular industry or sector.
- More in line with the principle of diversification
Diversification is an effective means of reducing overall risk. A less concentrated portfolio is more in line with diversification principles and helps to avoid undue exposure to individual stock performance.
Risks of Low Concentration
- More diversified earnings opportunities
While a less concentrated portfolio diversifies risk, it may also limit profit opportunities. This is because investors may miss out on certain core underlying stocks that are outperforming and are unable to fully capitalize on high growth stocks in the market.
- More difficult to manage
A less concentrated portfolio requires more management work. Investors need to focus on more stocks at the same time and keep abreast of the dynamics of different sectors, which puts higher demands on investors’ management skills.
- Passive management can easily get out of control
Portfolios with low levels of concentration are more likely to evolve into passive management, where the investor may pursue diversification too much and neglect in-depth research on individual stocks. This may result in investors underperforming in certain stocks with wide variations in performance.
How to choose the right concentration?
- Investor’s risk appetite
An investor’s risk appetite is one of the key factors in choosing a concentration. Investors with a higher risk appetite may be more willing to take on the risks associated with a high concentration in pursuit of higher returns. Whereas investors with a lower risk appetite may prefer a more diversified portfolio.
- Investment Objectives and Duration
An investor’s investment objectives and investment horizon are also considerations in choosing a concentration level. If an investor pursues higher short-term returns, he may prefer to choose a portfolio with a high degree of concentration. For investors with long-term investment objectives, a more diversified portfolio may be more suitable.
- Market environment and industry characteristics
Market environment and industry characteristics may also affect the decision to choose concentration. In some industries or market environments, it may be more appropriate to use a highly concentrated investment strategy, while in other cases, a higher degree of diversification may be more appropriate.
There is no one-size-fits-all answer as to whether it is better to have a high or low 90% concentration in equities; it depends on the investor’s personal circumstances, risk appetite, and market environment. When making a choice, investors should fully consider their own risk tolerance, investment objectives and market perception, and carefully weigh the advantages and risks of concentration. Regardless of whether they choose a high or low concentration level, investors are required to remain calm, review their investment portfolios on a regular basis, and make flexible adjustments according to market changes in order to pursue long-term investment returns. Ultimately, constructing an investment portfolio that meets one’s own characteristics is one of the keys to investor success in the complex and volatile stock market.